1989 New Zealand
1. organized by Steve Hart in a style later imortalized as Kiwi Planning ...
At this conference the definition of PermaCulture officially changed from Permanent Agriculture to Permanent Culture, Urban PermaCulture & Bioregionalism was added to the PDC curriculum. It was also decided to have the sequence of Conferences in Nepal, Copenhagen & South Africa.
The Kiwi Planning consisted in having the bus driver saying "I want my money first" when people got on the bus, then finding out, on the second day, that Lea & Bill, as teachers of the course, hadn't received payment and had had to pay for their own travel there ... so a hat was passed around.
The Convergence was held on Canterbury planes, a horrible place totally deforested by sheep .. there was only a small gulley with trees with a boy scouts camp. We had a vegan & only-eat-local cook who every day would go up & down the gulley collecting for their salads. After the second day we said we need some protein & went to the town and brought a big sausage, some fish, poultry and beans & peas. We said to the cook we'll prepare the meat ourselves but could he cook the beans ... to which he replied "I'm leaving". Eventually he agreed to stay if we cooked the meat in a totally different place ... and so we did.
Amongst others, there was Lea Harrison, Max Lindegger, 3 Danes and Bill Mollison, who talked day & night with a cigarette and a beer in his hands. Max wanted to present Bill with a certificate of Professor in PermaCulture. Also present was Chris Evans & Badri Dahal .. who went on to organize the next IPC ... The conference was held in Auckland and the Course at Waihiki Island
2. 1988 brought the 3rd Permaculture Conference/Convergence Christchurch (New Zealand),
and an opportunity for me to catch up with the Scandinavian contingent I had met when teaching
Pemaculture courses in Norway, Denmark and Sweden. Permaculture had become quite 'settled' by then, the family grown and a new generation of graduates were making their mark. I think it was around that time that some of us realised that Permaculture had to move into the mainstream, become 'organised', more professional. But many worried that we could lose Permaculture's important grass-roots connection.
Source: From IPC7 Newletter (Croatia, 2005)
Permaculture From the Beginning: a short history of permaculture conference/convergences by Max Lindegger
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